To evaluate the impact of 7-day new KT stabilizing application on lumbar paraspinal muscles function, pain perception, and disability in patients with LDH. Design: A randomized controlled trial. Setting: Human Performance Laboratory. Patients: A number of 38 patients with LDH were randomized into KT (n = 19) and placebo taping (n = 19) groups.
Both groups received the same “x” type application running over the back along fibers of superficial lamina of the posterior layer of thoracolumbar fascia. Main Outcome Measures: The primary outcome measures were flexion-relaxation and extension-relaxation ratios calculated from electromyographic activity of lumbar multifidus and longissimus thoracic muscles. Pain intensity rating (Quadruple Visual Analogue Scale), pressure pain thresholds of the lower back, Roland-Morris Disability Questionnaire score, back extension force, and flexion range of motion (ROM) were among secondary outcomes.
KT application did not affect the lumbar multifidus and longissimus thoracic muscles flexion-relaxation and extension-relaxation ratios, lower back pressure pain thresholds, back flexion ROM, and back extension force (no group × time interaction [GTI]). KT and placebo taping comparably decreased disability level (time effect: F1,36 = 22.817, P < .001; GTI: F1,36 = 0.189, P = .67), average pain (time effect: F1,36 =39.648, P < .001; GTI: F1,36 = 2.553, P = .12), and the worst pain (time effect: F1,36 = 36.039, P < .001; GTI: F1,36 = 0.003, P = .96) intensity.
Seven-day KT does not normalize lumbar paraspinal muscle function and is not superior to placebo in reducing disability and pain intensity in patients with LDH.