Physiotherapeutic methods, used in patients with urinary incontinence, are recommended and acknowledged treatment methods. They include pelvic floor muscle exercises, electrical stimulation, magnetic field, acupuncture, and biofeedback. However, the influence of Kinesio taping (KT) applications is not known. The aim of this work was to assess the influence of the KT method on the number of incontinence incidents in children. Additionally, children included in the research were given a depression level test to assess their mental state and how it is influenced by incontinence.
Material and methods
The study included 62 children (37 boys and 25 girls), aged 7–14 years, diagnosed as having night urinary incontinence and frequent daytime incontinence (daytime wetting). Study participants were randomly allocated to the research group, in which KT was applied, or the control group in which a placebo was used. The main outcome measure was the number of incontinence incidents.
The analysis of study results indicated that there was a statistically significant decrease (p < 0.001) in the number of incontinence incidents after KT was applied among children in the research group compared with those in the control group. After 4 days of KT application the number decreased by half within 24 h (Figure).
As can be seen from the analysis of the literature on urinary incontinence therapy, several physiotherapeutic methods are described. They are not merely based on a single strategy but include combinations of methods. To our knowledge, the method described in our work is a pioneer method, previously not applied on its own. It is, however, limited by a relatively small number of research participants, although it took 29 months to gather the group for the research. Additionally, the research based on the principle that children with up to threw incontinence episodes per day were given KT applications every 3 days (72 h per session), whereas children with more frequent incontinence episodes were given KT applications every day (24 h per session). It seems that the principle should be that all children are given KT applications with the same frequency. Perhaps it could be interesting to compare the effects between groups with different frequency. Nevertheless, we believe that the results obtained in this research are of interest in the context of possibility to use KT for urinary incontinence in children.
The KT method may serve as an effective complementary form of physiotherapy for children with urinary incontinence.